The bulldogs are known as the British bulldog or English bulldog. It has a muscular, hefty dog with a wrinkled face and a distinctive pushed-in nose. They are popular pets, and also they were the fifth most popular purebred in the US in 2017, according to the American kennel club.

Bulldogs have a longstanding association with English culture. According to the BBC wrote, ‘’too many the Bulldog is a national icon, symbolizing pluck and determination’’.

Traits of bulldogs

Weight- male  [ 23-25 kg ]

                Female  [ 18 – 23 kg ]

Height –  [ 30-61 cm ]

Color – brindle, solid white, red, fawn or yellow, piebaid

Litter size – 3-7-12

Life span – 8-12 years

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Appearance

Bulldogs have characteristically full heads and shoulders. There are typically thick folds of skin on the brow, round, black, wide-set eyes, a short muzzle with characteristic folds called a rope or nose roll above the nose, hanging skin under the neck dropping lips, and pointed teeth and an underbite with an upturned jaw.

In the united kingdom, the raise standees are 55 lb ( 25 kg ) for a male and 50 lb ( 23 kg ) for a female. In the united states, a usually mature male wights 50 lb [ 23 kg ], while adult females weigh about 18 kg. The average weight of a bulldog is to be 18-23 kg that recommends by the bulldog club of America.

bulldog

Temperament

According to the American kennel club [ AKC ], these dog’s disposition should be ‘’ equable and kind, brave, and courageous and demeanour should be a pacifist and dignified. Breeders have worked to reduce aggression from these dogs. These dogs recognised as excellent family pets because they tended to form strong bonds with children. Typically these dogs are known for getting along well with children, other dogs, and other pets.

History

Scientists believe that the first domesticated wolves, ancient ancestors to our modern dogs, appeared around 14000 years ago during the Mesolithic period.

Health

In 2004 UK survey of 180 these dogs deaths put the median age at death at 6 years 3 months. The leading reason for the death of these dogs in the survey was cardiac related [ 20% ], cancer [ 18% ], and old age [ 9% ].

English bulldog’s common health problems

Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome

This is Latin for smooshed face and every English bulldog has brachycephalic airway syndrome to some degree. Breathing problems and panting, chronic discomfort, exercise intolerance, and difficulty eating are symptoms of this health problem.

Difficulty Breathing

When looking at the root reason for the health risks in these dogs, upper airway defects caused by Brachycephalic Airway Syndrome wreak a lot of havoc. There are some of the most common breathing problems.

  • Elongated soft palate
  • Stenotic Nares
  • Pneumonia
  • Temperature Regulation

We must keep English bulldogs at a comfortable temperature. Make sure home is air-conditioned and avoid going out in hot weather with your pup. Excessive planting, heaving while panting, discoloured, flappy tongue, exhaustion while trying to breathe and odd throat noise is signs of overheating includes.

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Skin Problems

These dogs have skin problems. The best way is the prevent your dog from scratching is to get ahead of it. Washing your dog you have to use medicated shampoos and lotions.

Bone and Joint Disease

The reason that these dogs have such a unique build is because of a structural defect called chondrodysplasia. Chondrodysplasia is an unusual growth in cartilage, which increases your dog’s likelihood of having bone and joint problems.

Eye Problems

If your dog id getting to that ripe ol’ age know that old English bulldog health problems include vision issues.

  • Cherry Eye
  • Brachycephalic ocular disease
  • Dry eye

Head shakes

Head shakes usually results from low blood sugar and stress, but sometimes there can b more pressing medical issues that require immediate attention.

 Allergies

These dogs have the most allergies of any breed due to their genetic makeup abnormalities.

  • Food allergies
  • Skin allergies

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